Solola Room – History and Kakchiquel traditions:
From the Annals of the Kakchiquels (also known by the alternative Spanish titles, Anales de los Xahil, Memorial de Tecpán-Atitlán or Memorial de Sololá), is a manuscript written in Kaqchikel by Francisco Hernandez Arana Xajilá in 1571, and completed by his grandson, Francisco Rojas, in 1604. The manuscript — which describes the legends of the Kaqchikel nation and has historical and mythological components — is considered an important historical document on post-classic Maya civilization in the highlands of Guatemala.
“Going on, they arrived in the middle of the woods at a fire built by one guarding the road, and it was made by Zakiqoxol. “Who are these boys whom we see?” said he. Then were sent forward the Qoxahil and the Qobakil, with their mysterious vision and magical power; they spoke when they arrived”.
Volcano Room – Pyroclastic Eruptions and Lava Flows:
There are volcanoes scattered among 15 provinces Guatemala, ranging from 4,880 to 1716 meters above sea level; four volcanoes are active; Fuego in Sacatapequez, Pacaya in Guatemala-Escuinta and Santiaguito and Santa Maria in Quetzaltenango.
The tallest volcano is Tajumulco, located in San Marcos towering 4,220 meters above sea level. The smallest volcano is the Culma volcano located in Jutiapa at 1,027 meters above sea level. The most popular volcanoes in Guatemala are the three grouped in central part of Sacatepequez, that include Agua, Fuego and Acatenango. The other famous volcano group is naturally-formed crater lake named Atitlan surrounded by three majestic volcanos on the south side of lake affectionately named San Lucas, Atitlan and San Pedro. The final group is Santa Maria and Santiaguito located in Quetzaltenango in the western highlands.
Tzolkin Room – Maya calendar and magic:
The Maya have long been recognized as experts in astronomy, mathematics, architecture and computing time. They developed 20 calendars, each one with distinct cycles based on either days, years, planets or prophecies. Some are widely known and others are sacred so little is known about them.
The Cholq’ij, one of the most widely used calendars in Guatemala is based on the 260 day cycle, and is also known as the “Tzolkin“, which is divided into 13 months of 20 days. This calendar has been used for millenia and transmitted from generation to generation. The Tzolkin calendar deals with human aspects of life and is intimately related to the gestation cycle of 9 months.
The Mesoamerican calendar system created by the Maya measures re-ocurrences of social time as well as the destiny of individuals. It indicates the time for celebrations and spiritual awakenings, and it also allows the master time keepers (Ajq’ij) to predict the future, interpreting the signs of the days and numbers that each individual is born under, similar to western or eastern astrology.
Coffee Room – Coffee Beans, Mayan Farmers:
The exact date of coffee’s introduced to Guatemala is unknown but an author describes that caffe was served at an important event on November 14, 1747. It’s also been documented that the Jesuits introduced coffee plants to Guatemala in 1748. Three hundred years later, Mayan coffee farmers organized in Cooperatives, Associations and grass-roots communities scattered in various ethnic regions in the Guatemalan highlands, are cultivating high quality coffees arabica coffee beans.
The National Association for Coffee in Guatemala is promoting eight distinct coffee-growing regions producing the best coffee in the world. The regions are New Oriente, Fraijanes Plateau’s, Acatenango Valley, Traditional Atitlan, Rainforest Coban, Volcanic San Marcos and Highland Huehue’s. Posada Martita proudly serves gourmet, organic coffee from three coffee regions.